Zab rivers

   The two main tributaries of the Tigris, one of the two major rivers (along with the Euphrates) that flow through the plains of Mesopotamia. The Zab waterways are usually referred to separately either as the Upper and Lower Zab or the Great and Little Zab. The Upper Zab rises in the mountains of southeastern Anatolia, today encompassed by Turkey, and flows for some 265 miles (426 km) to its junction with the Tigris near the important city of Mosul. The Lower Zab rises in the hills of northeastern Iran and flows for 250 miles (402 km) before meeting the Tigris just north of the modern town of Baiji in northern Iraq. Along with the Tigris itself, the Upper and Lower Zab and the regions along their banks were the principal focus of Assyrian civilization. The Assyrians used the rivers for transportation as well as for water for drinking, cooking, bathing, and watering crops. To facilitate the latter, they built canals that diverted water from the rivers.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zab River — Zab (Turkish: Zap suyu , Kurdish: زێ , Persian: زاب; Zâb , Syriac: ܙܒܐ; Zawa ) is the name given to two separate rivers that flow through Iran, Iraq and Turkey to become the two principal tributaries of the Tigris. The two rivers, named Greater… …   Wikipedia

  • Zab River — Either of two tributaries of the Tigris River. The Great Zab rises in the mountains of Kurdistan and flows about 260 mi (420 km) south and southwest through southeastern Turkey and northern Iraq, joining the Tigris below Mosul, Iraq. The Little… …   Universalium

  • Pequeño Zab — Zab rivers País que atraviesa  Irán …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grand Zab — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Zab. Grand Zab ((ar) الزاب الأكبر, (fa) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Batalla del Gran Zab — Parte de La guerra entre omeyas y abasíes Mapa del norte de Irak con los ríos Gran Zab (en el mapa, al. Grosser Zab) y Pequeño Zab (en el mapa, Kleiner Zab) …   Wikipedia Español

  • List of rivers of Turkey — Rivers of Turkey can be divided into several groups depending on where they flow. Contents 1 Flow into the Black Sea …   Wikipedia

  • Iraq — /i rak , i rahk /, n. a republic in SW Asia, N of Saudi Arabia and W of Iran, centering in the Tigris Euphrates basin of Mesopotamia. 22,219,289; 172,000 sq. mi. (445,480 sq. km). Cap.: Baghdad. Also, Irak. * * * Iraq Introduction Iraq Background …   Universalium

  • Tigris-Euphrates river system — ▪ river system, Asia Introduction  great river system of Southwest Asia, comprising the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which have their sources within 50 miles (80 km) of each other in eastern Turkey and travel southeast through northern Syria and… …   Universalium

  • Assyria — • Includes geographical and historical information Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Assyria     Assyria     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mesopotamia, history of — ▪ historical region, Asia Introduction  history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world s earliest civilization developed. The name comes from a Greek word meaning “between rivers,” referring to the land between the Tigris and… …   Universalium

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